Scar revision procedures improve the overall appearance of a scar and helps to make it less noticeable. Acne, trauma or surgery are common causes of scarring. The likelihood for scar formation is a factor of age, genetics, anatomical location of the scar, skin type and the event that caused the scar.
|What is the pain level after the surgery?||Mild|
|Anesthesia type (if applicable)||MAC (monitored anesthesia care) or local anesthesia may be used or general anesthesia|
|Duration of Surgery||30 to 45 minutes|
|Where will scaring for this procedure be?||“Z-plasty” or “Geometric Broken Line Closure” are techniques to realign scars|
|Timeframe to begin showing final results||2 weeks|
|When is the patient able to return to regular activities?||1 week|
|When is the patient able to resume exercise?||2 weeks|
|Cost of surgeon’s fee||$500 – $3,500|
Hypertrophic scars are thick, red, raised scars that often appear after a traumatic or a surgical wound site.
Keloids are thick scars that usually appear larger than the wound itself and is more common on darker skin. Keloids are often found on the face, neck, ears and shoulders.
Contractures are a type of scar that often restrict movement due to a large amount of skin being lost. This is common among burn victims.
Scars can have an effect on a patients physical and emotional wellbeing. Some scars can be itchy and irritating causing discomfort and sometimes pain. They can also alter one’s appearance leading to emotional implications. Facial scars can be especially distressing. It’s important to remember, a revised scar will not erase the scar, but instead help to make it less noticeable and better it’s overall appearance anywhere on the body.
Ideal Candidate for Scar Revision
An ideal scar candidate for a scar revision:
- Scar color is similar to skin color around it
- Scar is level with skin and parallel to skin creases
- Have realistic expectations for scar improvement
Due to the tight growing skin in children, it is recommended that children who are in need of scar revisions wait until they are older. Lighter skinned patients also have an improved outcome than darker skin patients due to the pigmentation changes in dark skin. Resurfacing is also not always an option in darker skinned patients.
Techniques used in scar revision
The type of procedure will vary according to the scar. Scar revision can be a surgical or non-surgical procedure. Surgical techniques often include a “Z-plasty”, also called “Geometric Broken Line Closure”, skin grafts and tissue expanders.
Surgical Techniques for Scar Revision
Z plasty is a procedure that involves repositioning scars so they are less visible and placed in a more favorable alignment. This may be followed by surfacing techniques such as chemical peels, laser resurfacing or dermabrasion.
M Plasty and W Plasty
M plasty and W plasty are similar techniques, but are result in different scar shapes and orientations depending on the desired orientation of the scar to make it least visible. W plasty is a more zip-zag shape and is often used to redistribute any tension along the scar and breaks up a more linear scar. The M plasty is usually used for the ends of scars to help prevent the dog ear formation. It can also shorten a scar at the end.
For any elliptical or circular shaped scars, a linear closure technique can be used to make the scar more linear and therefore less visible. By using a small excision to cut some skin, a elliptical scar can be made more into an oval. This is then sealed together to form a more linear looking scar.
A Skin graft is another surgical technique that involves taking skin from one part of the body and transferring it to another part. This can be used for scar revision by taking healthy looking skin and placing it over the unsightly scar. This technique is often used for more severe scars.
Tissue expanding is surgical technique in which the skin is stretched to allow it to grow over the scar. This works by removing the scar completely, inflating a “balloon” under the skin to stretch it and allowing the newly stretched skin cover where the scar just was.
Due to the nature of scars, hair growth is restricted from growing on scar tissue. This can make scars that are on the head or in hairy areas more noticeable. A hair graft can be done to cover up this scar and make it less noticeable. Hair follicles can be taken from a place where hair will grow back, and these follicles can be placed inside the scar. This works best on scars that are flatter and do not protrude form the skin.
Non Invasive Techniques for Scar Revision
Some scars may only require nonsurgical procedures such as chemical peels, laser resurfacing or dermabrasion.
Chemical Peels remove the outermost layer of the skin to smooth the skin texture and help resurface the scar. A strong chemical peel, such as the Baker-Gordon phenol peel, will penetrate the deeper part of the dermal layer of the skin. The deep chemical peels will increase the body’s natural production of collagen in order to repair the affected skin and allow for complete regeneration of new healthy looking skin. Recovery from deep chemical peels can last a few weeks until the skin has healed completely.
Laser resurfacing is a technique used for deeper scars to remove the top layer of the skin and smooth out the scared area. CO2 laser is one type of laser that is effective in removing the outermost layer of skin, called the epidermis. CO2 lasers apply heat to the underlying layer of skin, known as the dermis, to stimulate growth of new collagen fibers. The hope is that the new layer of skin that grows back will be tighter, clearer and smoother than the former scar. An erbium laser is similar to the CO2 laser, but has a lower wavelength, so it acts more superficially to the skin and does not apply as much heat to the dermis layer. Erbium leasers are great for thinner skin as they allow for more depth penetration adjustments to be made. Erbium lasers help to even out skin tones and reduce and fine lines from scars.
Lasers can be fully ablative with their energy or deliver fractionated energy. The fully ablative lasers remove 100% of the top layer of targeted skin while the fractional laser will only remove a fraction of the top layer. The fractional laser has a shorter recovery time and can be a bit more comfortable since it is not quite as invasive. Fractionated lasers will also work better on darker skin patients to maintain skin coloration. Both ablative and fractionated lasers give great results when it comes to regenerating the skin and improving scar appearance.
Another type of scar laser is called the Pulse Dye Laser. A Pulse Dye Laser uses a concentrated yellow light beam to target blood vessels under the skin. The beam of light is transformed into heat when reaching the targeted cells. Surrounding tissue is not heated up during the treatment. When it comes to scar discoloration, pulse dye lasers are a great option, especially for red scars.
Dermabrasion stimulates small doses of trauma to the skin to allow that area of the skin to repair itself and create a more smooth and healthier appearance. This is done using a rotating instrument that will remove the outermost layer of skin where the scar might me, which will allow new skin to grow in place of this removed outer layer of skin. Unlike microdermabrasion which is very minimal and has no downtime, actual dermabrasion is performed under general anesthesia and involves physically sanding down the skin to promote growth of new skin.
Steroid Injections can be used to soften and shrink scars such as keloid and hypertrophic scars. Often times steroid injections are used to prevent a keloid or hypertrophic scar from forming in the first place. Some scars can also create itching, burning or pain sensations, for which steroid injections help to reduce.
At Home Remedies for Scar Treatment
There are many topical products that can help speed up the scar healing process or help with its appearance. Silicone gel sheets, vitamin E and green tea extracts are some common topical creams that can help revise a scar and speed its healing process up in the right direction. Often times a special brown tape is prescribed after surgical procedures to ensure nice healing of a post-surgical scar.
What determines the approach for the scar revision?
Many factors contribute to the approach that is determined for the improvement of the scar. The size, location, and type of scar are all factors. Additionally, the laxity of the surrounding tissue, the availability of the surrounding tissue and if the scar is in close proximity to any vital areas (i.e. eyelids)
Why do scars form after surgery?
In any surgery, the actual surgery is of course very important, but making sure the incision is closed properly is just as important and can help the healing process and avoiding any long-term complications. An incision closure technique often dubbed the “plastic surgeons’ closure” is very important for proper wound healing and prevention of a non-aesthetic scar. This type of closure is often demanded in hospital settings for specific surgeries because it can prevent further complications.
A common issue many people face after surgery is the presence of “Dog Ears”. These form when skin surrounding a scar is much tighter than the rest of the surrounding skin causing it to pucker. This is very common after a breast reduction or a tummy tuck. Dog ears can be revised by removing a some of the tissue during a revision surgery.
How do I know when my scar is ready for scar revision?
It is sometimes hard to know when a scar or wound has completely healed. Often during the healing process, a scar will appear light red or pink and will begin to fade over time. Once the scar stays as a constant appearance, this can indicate the wound has healed and scar revision may be able to be performed.
It is important to remember that these techniques are used to help with the appearance of the scar, but will not remove the scar. A scar that is not completely healed should not undergo revision. Additionally, scar revisions work better on adults and not on children.
Cost of Scar Revision
- Surgeons Fee: $500 – $3,500
- Anesthesia Fee: dependent on whether local or general anesthesia is used
- Hospital and Surgical Facility Fees: depends on length of procedure
- Pre-Surgical Medical Clearance and Lab Tests: usually covered by medical insurance. Minor scar revisions do not require medical clearance.
- Medication Costs: usually covered by medical insurance
- Follow-Up Visits: included with surgeon’s fee at The Naderi Center
Scar Revision Photos
Preparing for Scar Revision
At the Naderi Center we believe proper preparation for surgery helps to optimize outcomes and improve results. If scar revision includes surgery, you may be asked to take certain medication, stop smoking prior to surgery and avoid taking any anti-inflammatory drugs or herbal supplements to prevent excessive bleeding. A local or general anesthesia may be used during your scar revision procedure. Final results after a scare revision may take weeks to months to realize.
Recovery after Scar Revision
Depending on the size and location of the scar most patients can go back to their regular routine within a few days to a week. It is important to not put tension on the scar in order to optimize its healing. Some swelling or bruising may occur as well as the incision will be red during the first days to weeks after surgery. In order to optimize surgical outcomes it is important that patients follow our treatment instructions.
Risks, Safety and Potential Complications after a Scar Revision
Risks that come with scar revision procedures are generally minimal when performed by expert and experienced medical professionals. Generally speaking one of the most disappointing scar revision outcomes is that the new scar is not as impressive of an improvement as was desired. When proper revision techniques are selected the risk for unimpressive results diminishes.
Possible Complications after a Scar Revision Include
- Reoccurrence of scar
- Keloid formation
- Delayed healing
- Skin discoloration and
- Sensation of itching, burning or pain
- Changes in normal skin sensation
Scar Revision Experts at The Naderi Center
Depending on the location of your scar our consultation coordinators will direct you to which one of our board certified surgeons is a best fit for your scar revision. Dr. Jessica Kulak, double board certified facial plastic surgeon specializes exclusively in cosmetic facial procedures. Dr. Kulak has extensive experience with scar revisions and is well versed on which scar revision techniques work best in specific situations. Dr. Erica Anderson, our breast and body board certified plastic surgeon is highly experienced in correcting body scars. Dr. Anderson’s highly skilled incision closure techniques ensure her own plastic surgery patients have minimal chance of poor scarring. Dr. Anderson routinely performs scar revisions on commonly performed procedures such as c-section and tummy tuck scars.
Schedule Your Scar Revision Consultation
To find out if a scar revision is the right procedure for you, contact The Naderi Center to schedule a consultation. Contact our Reston, Virginia office at 703-481-0002 or the Chevy Chase, Maryland office at 301-222-2020. Although the Naderi Center is conveniently located for patients throughout the Virginia, Maryland, and Washington D.C. area, we have many patients from across the United States who come to our surgeons because they know they are ultra-specialized in their area of cosmetic plastic surgery. Those outside of the immediate area may request a virtual consultation with our specialist.